February 1998
Melbourne, Australia

Proceedings of the
2nd International Conference on
Bioelectromagnetism

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

History, Present Status and Future of Bioelectromagnetism - J. Malmivuo FINLAND ............................................... 1

FIELDS

Is Accurate Recording of the Surface Laplacian Feasible? - D. Geselowitz, J. Ferrara USA .................................... 3
Modeling the Volume Conductor - Double Fourier Series Approximation Versus Spherical Harmonic
Expansion
- G. Lafer, P. Wach, B. Tilg AUSTRIA ............................................................................................................ 5
Effect of the Skull on Scalp Potentials - H. Eskola, T. Toivo, P. Laarne, A. Lahtinen, A-P. Meretoja, H. Lang,
J. Malmivuo
FINLAND ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

SIGNAL & IMAGE ANALYSIS

Spectral Analysis of Bioelectric Signals by Adapted Wavelet Transforms - U. Wiklund. M. Akay SWEDEN .......... 9
Respiratory Sounds Denoising using Wavelet Packets - M. Bahoura, M. Hubin, M. Kefafa FRANCE ..................... 11
Derivation of Complex Resistivity Values from MFEIT Images formed with Reactive References -
A. Fitzgerald, H. Griffiths UNITED KINGDOM ................................................................................................................ 13
A Study of a Neural-Fuzzy Network Method for Recognizing Change in Neuronal Discharge Patterns -
Z-M. Xu, E.G. Butler, M.K. Home AUSTRALIA ............................................................................................................... 15

TISSUES

Weak ELF Magnetic Fields Slow the Cell Cycle Clock in Root Tips of Vicia faba L., The Broad Bean -
B. Raplej RE. Rowland NEW ZEALAND ........................................................................................................................ 17
Electrochemical Treatment of Localized Tumours with Direct Current - C.K. Chou, N. Vora, J.R. Li,
W. Wang, Y. Yen, R.L. Ren, J.A. McDougall, C.Staud, B.S. Zhou, L. Weiss
USA ......................................................... 19
Mapping of Microwave Radiation of Tissues for Exploration of Breast Tumors - J. Riipulk, H. Hinrikus
ESTONIA ........................................................................................................................................................................ 21

FIELDS

The Effect of the Subcutaneous Fat Layer on the Measurement of the Surface Laplacian - P. Johnston,
D. Kilpatrick
AUSTRALIA ................................................................................................................................................ 23
MagneSim: A Simple Magnetic Field Modelling Program - W. Page, B. Rapley NEW ZEALAND ........................... 25
Application of the Parameters, Reflecting Ventricular Repolarization Inhomogeneity for Identification
of Patients with Life-threatening Arrhythmias
- J. Kaik, J. Lass, K. Meigas ESTONIA ............................................. 27
A Realistically Shaped Finite Element Model of the Human Head for Electric Field Simulation - D. Chen,
R. B. Silberstein, A.D. Seagar, P.J. Cadush, D. Murphy
AUSTRALIA ............................................................................ 29

SIGNAL & IMAGE ANALYSIS

Characterising the Discrete Wavelet Transform of an ECG Signal with Simple Parameters for use in
Automated Diagnosis
- G. McDarby, B.G. Celler, N.H. Lovell AUSTRALIA ................................................................. 31
Spectral Analysis of Myoelectric Signals by Wavelet Methods - S. Karlsson, J. Vu, M. Akay SWEDEN ................ 33
Multiresolution Based Fuzzy c-Means Clustering for Brain Hemorrhage Analysis - D-C. Cheng,
K-S. Cheng
REPUBLIC OF CHINA ................................................................................................................................ 35
Finding Characteristic Bands from Protein Sequences using Wavelet Packet Transform and Energy
Map
- Q. Fang, I. Cosic AUSTRALIA ............................................................................................................................. 37

TISSUES

Nonlinear Models of Cells Exposed to Electromagnetic Fields - C.J. Thompson, D.C. Bardos, Y.S. Yang,
K.H. Joyner
AUSTRALIA ................................................................................................................................................ 39
Continuous Observation of Single Sweat Gland Activity - A.K.M. Shamsuddin, T Togawa JAPAN ........................ 41
What Does Bioimpedance Measure? - D.B. Stroud AUSTRALIA ............................................................................... 43

STATE OF THE ART SPEAKER

Macro-neocortical Dynamics, Cognition and EEG - P.L. Nunez USA ....................................................................... 45

INSTRUMENTS

Innovation Management and Technology Assessment in Medical Industry - B. Stroetmann, M. Beier;
H. Kirchner; T. Redel
GERMANY .................................................................................................................................... 47
An Odour Sensing Robot Draws Inspiration from the Insect World - A. Russell AUSTRALIA ................................ 49
Consideration of EDLC as Emergency Power Source for Totally Implantable Medical Device - H. Watanabe,
N. Jinguji, H. Matsuki, N. Hoshimiya, S. Nitta
JAPAN ..................................................................................................... 51
New Instruments to Measure Oxygen Saturation and Total Hemoglobin Volume in Local Skin by Near-infrared
Spectroscopy
- Y. Nagashima, N. Komeda, Y. Yada, A. Sakai, H. Nose JAPAN .......................................................... 53
Design and Implementation of a Microprocessor-based Controller for Rate-Responsive Demand Pacemaker
Applications
- W-Y. Chung, H-S. Lin, Y-F. Chen, C-W Yen REPUBLIC OF CHINA ...................................................... 55

SIGNAL & IMAGE ANALYSIS

Artificial Neural Network for the Exercise Electrocardiographic Detection of Coronary Artery Disease -
R. Lehtinen, H. Holst, V. Turjanmaa, L. Edenbrandt, O. Pahlm, J. Malmivuo FINLAND ................................................. 57
Quantitative Multivariate Analysis with Artificial Neural Networks - C-W. Lin, T-C. Hsiao, M-T. Zeng,
H-H. Chiang
REPUBLIC OF CHINA ............................................................................................................................... 59
SNR Improvement, Filtering and Spectral Equalisation in Cochlear Implants using Wavelet Techniques -
C. Behrenbruch, B.J. Lithgow AUSTRALIA .................................................................................................................... 61
Potential Advantages of High Pulse Rate Stimulation of Cochlear Implants - B. Lithgow AUSTRALIA ................ 63

MOLECULES

Reconstruction of the Spectral Properties of a Biomolecule under Electromagnetic Exposure by Means
of Molecular Simulation
- M. Zago, P. Fossafi, A. Palombo, G. Dílnzeo ITALY ........................................................... 65
Antisense Homology Boxes Coincide with the Hot Spot Regions Predicted by Resonant Recognition
Theory
- L. Baranyi, I. Cosic, W. Campbell, V. Derefey, N. Okada, H. Okada JAPAN ................................................... 67
Prediction of Protein Active Site using Digital Signal Processing Methods - I. Cosic, Q. Fang AUSTRALIA ....... 69
Analysis of Amino Acid Parameters in the Resonant Recognition Model - E. Pirogova, Q. Fang, E. Lazoura,
I. Cosic
AUSTRALIA ....................................................................................................................................................... 71

IMPEDANCE

Diagnostic Potential of Electrical Bio-Impedance for Skin and Oral Mucosa - S. Ollmar, I. Nicander SWEDEN ... 73
Non-Invasive Iterative Skull Resistivity Estimation Based on A Priori Information - D. Chen, R.B. Silberstein,
A.D. Seagar, P.J. Cadusch, D. Murphy
AUSTRALIA ...................................................................................................... 75
Observation of Human Impedance at 50 kHz for Analysis of Acupuncture Points - Suhariningsih, H. Kanai
INDONESIA .................................................................................................................................................................... 77
The Skin 2D Electrobioimpedance Response to a Remote Non-Thermal mm - EMF Exposition:
Phenomenological Study
- Y.F. Babich UKRAINE ..................................................... ................................................. 79

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERACTIONS

Development of a New In Vitro RF Exposure Device for Confocal Microscopy Imaging during Concurrent
900 MHz RF Exposure
- V. Anderson, A.W. Wood, K.H. Joyner AUSTRALIA .............................................................. 81
Investigation of Analogue and Digital Mobile Phone Low Frequency Radiation Spectrum Characteristics -
B. Heath, S. Jenvey, I. Cosic AUSTRALIA ...................................................................................................................... 83
The Safety of Digital Mobile Cellular Telephones with Minute Ventilation Rate Adaptive Pacemakers -
F.B. Sparks, H.G. Mond, K.H. Joyner, M.P Wood AUSTRALIA ...................................................................................... 85
FDTD Handset Antenna Modelling at 1800 MHz for Electrical Performance and SAR Results - J. Rowlex
R.B. Waferhouse, K.H. Joyner
AUSTRALIA ................................................................................................................... 87
Measurements of the Effectiveness of Antenna Screens for Protection of the Head from Mobile Phone
Radiation
- S. Jenvey AUSTRALIA .............................................................................................................................. 201

MOLECULES

Recent Advances in Image Analysis of Chromosomes Subjected to HG-Banding and In Situ Hybridization
(FISH)
- A. Novak, A. Jovanovic YUGOSLAVIA ............................................................................................................. 89
A Possible Role of Excitons within the Protein Backbone - P. Ciblis, I. Cosic AUSTRALIA .................................... 91
RRM Designed a-Chymotrypsin-like Peptides - E. Lazoura, I. Cosic AUSTRALIA ................................................... 93
Biophysics, Biomolecular and Radionucleide Tracing Technique to Explain Signal Transduction Profile of
Acupuncture Points
- K. Sapufra INDONESIA ............................................................................................................. 95

IMPEDANCE

Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithms Based Methods for Impedance Image Reconstruction -
K-S. Cheng, B. Chen REPUBLIC OF CHINA .................................................................................................................. 97
Accurate Conductivity Model of the Human Abdomen for Electrogastrography - I. Konkka, H. Eskola,
V. Turjanmaa
FINLAND ................................................................................................................................................... 99
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis: The Electronic Skin-Fold Caliper? - L. Ward, B. Cornish, N. Fuller.
O. Dewit, M. Ela, B. Thomas
AUSTRALIA .................................................................................................................... 101
Instrumentation for the Non-Invasive Direct Measurement of Skull Impedance - A. Seagar, D. Chen
AUSTRALIA .................................................................................................................................................................. 103
Effective Bioimpedance Spectroscopy Method for Evaluation of Body Cell Water Compartments -
R.A. Fiorini, G. Dacquino, G. Anigo, G. Colasanti, L. Selicato, G. DíAmico ITALY ....................................................... 203

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERACTIONS

Theory and Application of Magnetic Field Therapy in Multiple Sclerosis - D.C. Laycock UNITED KINGDOM .... 105
The Therapeutic Applications of Static Magnetic Fields - A Case Study - D. Wicks, M. Cohen AUSTRALIA ...... 107
The Therapeutic Applications of Pulsed and Static Magnetic Fields - H.A. Sadafi AUSTRALIA .......................... 109
Bio Magnetic Micro Massage Therapy Basic Research - D. Susic AUSTRALIA ..................................................... 111
Effects of EMF on the Human Brain Activity - H.A. Sadafi, A.W. Wood, R.B. Silberstein AUSTRALIA ................... 113

STIMULATlON

Direct Current Measurements in Cochlear Implants: An in vivo and in vitro study - C.Q. Huang, PM. Carter,
R.K. Shepherd, P.M. Seligman, B. Tabor, G.M. Clark
AUSTRALIA .............................................................................. 115
Cochlear Implant Threshold Changes at High Electric Stimulus Pulse Rates - B. Lithgow AUSTRALIA ............. 117
Effects of Firing Statistics on the Mean Frequency of EMG and VMG Signals - L.X Xu, Y.T. Zhang
HONG KONG ................................................................................................................................................................ 119
The Effective Electrical Activation of Skeletal Muscle - Y. Huang, T.I.H. Brown, D.L. Morgan, U. Proske,
A. Wise
AUSTRALIA ..................................................................................................................................................... 121
Eddy Current Density for Non-Invasive Treatment System for Urinary Incontinence Using Functional
Continuous Magnetic Stimulator (FCMS)
- N. Ishikawa, S. Suda, T. Sasaki, U. Hosaka, T. Yamanishi,
K. Yasuda, H. Ito
JAPAN ............................................................................................................................................... 123

STATE OF THE ART SPEAKER

Basics of the Action of Monochromatic Visible and Near IR (Laser) Radiation on Cells - T. Karu RUSSIA ....... 125

CARDIOGRAPHY

Correlation Between Measured Surface and Endocardial Electrical Signals of Heart - H. Hinrikus, J. Kaik,
K. Meigas, J. Lass ESTONIA ........................................................................................................................................ 127
Multichannel SQUID System for Detecting Fetal Magnetocardiograms - A. Kandori, K. Tsukada, H. Horigome,
M. Asaka, S. Shigemitsu, M. Takahashi, Y. Terada, T. Kubo, A. Matsui, T. Mitsui
JAPAN ............................................ 129
Three Dimensional Excitation Sequence During Torsade de Points in the Cardiac Computer Model with
M Cells
- O. Okazaki, D. Wei, K. Harumi, N.E. Hamson USA ...................................................................................... 131
Measurement of Haemodynamic Parameters during Dobutamine Echocardiography by Automated
Impedance Cardiography
- A.W Scherhag, S. Pfleger; J. Stastny, W. Voelker; D.L. Heene GERMANY. .................. 133

ULTRASOUND & ELECTRIC FIELD

Electrical Neuroimmunomodulation - A Possible Mechanism for Wound and Cancer Treatment -
L. Vodovnik, D. Miklavcic, T. Kofnik SLOVENIA ........................................................................................................... 135
The Natural Geoelectric Field - F. Kocijan AUSTRALIA ............................................................................................ 137
Electric Field Based Sensing for Underwater Vehicle Guidance - G. Chetty, A. Russell AUSTRALIA .................. 139
Dolphin Sonar Pulse Intervals and Human Resonance Characteristics - S. Birch AUSTRALIA ........................... 141

STIMULATION

Bio Magnetic Energy in Pain Relief and Healing - B. Grace AUSTRALIA ............................................................... 143
Bio Magnetic Micro Massage Therapy Application in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation - D. Susic
AUSTRALIA .................................................................................................................................................................. 145
Instant Kirlian Diagnostic System. (IKiDS) A Unique Form of Diagnosis - V. Soultanov, J. Charalambous,
E. White, D. Sapunar
AUSTRALIA ............................................................................................................................... 147
Is There a Relationship Between Sunspot Numbers and Psychiatric Admissions? - M. Cohen, A. Wohlers
AUSTRALIA .................................................................................................................................................................. 149

CARDIOGRAPHY

ECG Noise Cancellation using Digital Filters - H. Gholam-Hosseini, H. Nazeran, K.J. Reynolds AUSTRALIA ...... 151
System of Electrically Measured Physiological Parameters for Reconstruction of Heart Rate - J. Lass,
K. Meigas, H. Hinrikus, J. Kaik
ESTONIA ..................................................................................................................... 153
Computer Simulation of Bundle Branch Re-entry in a 30 Cellular Automata Model of the Heart -
P.H. Fleischmann, P. Wach AUSTRIA .......................................................................................................................... 155
Prediction of Carotid Pressure Waveforms by Mathematical Transformation of Pressure Waves Recorded
from the Radial Artery
- I. Rauchberger, A. Dart, M. Cohen AUSTRALIA .................................................................. 157

POWERLINES & ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERACTIONS

Power Frequency Magnetic Fields and Computer VDU Interference Phenomena - T. Dovan, R. Owen
AUSTRALIA ...................................................................................... .......................................................................... 159
Effects of 50 Hz Magnetic Fields on Human Physiology: Plasma Melatonin Levels - A.W. Wood, M.L. Sait,
S.M. Armstrong, M.J. Martin
AUSTRALIA ...................................................................................... ............................. 161 Developing a Mathematical Model which Represents Magnetic Field Density around Powerlines - R.J. Tao,
A. Zahedi
AUSTRALIA ..................................................................................................... : ......................................... 163 Biological and Clinical Effects of Electromagnetism - E.A. Bakay, Y.F. Babich, T.B. Shulkevich UKRAINE ......... 165

ACUPUNCTURE

Numerical Estimation of the State of Mind - T. Musha, H. Araga, H.A .Haque, K. Kawamorita, Y. Terasaki JAPAN 167
Variability of Electric Skin Conductivity on Selected Points as a Potential Diagnostic and Prognostic
Test in Asthmatic Children
- A. Fedorowski, E. Ziobro, A. Steciwko POLAND .......................................................... 169
Do Acupuncture Points Have Different Absorption Properties to Laser Light than Surrounding Skin? -
H. Lazoura, M. Cohen, E. Lazoura, I. Cosic
AUSTRALIA ............................................................................................. 171
Is There a link between Acupuncture Meridians, Earth-ionosphere Resonances and Cerebral Activities -
M. Cohen, C. Behrenbruch , I. Cosic
AUSTRALIA ....................................................................................................... 173 Physiological Significance of the Meridian System - K-G Chen REPUBLIC OF CHINA ........................................ 175

STATE OF THE ART SPEAKER

A Modern Interpretation of Acupuncture and the Meridian System - J.J. Tsuei REPUBLIC OF CHINA ............... 177

CARDIOGRAPHY

Reconstruction of Respiratory Patterns from Electrocardiographic Signals - H. Nazeran, K. Behbehani,
F. Yen, P. Ray
AUSTRALIA ........................................................................................................................................... 185
Analysis of the Diurnal Variation of Arterial Pressure Waves - I. Rauchberger, M. Cohen, A. Dart AUSTRALIA .. 181
Myocardial Anisotropy in Genisis of Abnormal Q Waves in Hypertrophic Caridomyopathy: A Simulation
Study
- D. Wei, N. Miyamoto, S. Mashima JAPAN ....... ............................................................................................... 187
Clustering of Source Locations based on the Transfer Matrix for ECG Simulations - N. Takano, J. Hyttinen,
P. Kauppinen, J. Malmivuo
FINLAND ........................................................................................................................... 189

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERACTIONS

Public Perceptions of Safety Standards for Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields - I. Beale,
N. Thoms
NEW ZEALAND ............................................................................................................................................ 193
Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Waves - An Overview - S.K. Palit AUSTRALIA ........................................... 195
Bioelectromagnetic Research and Statistical Power - J. Podd, W Page, B. Rapley, I. Beale NEW ZEALAND ...... 197
Testing a Commercial Water Magnetiser: A Study of Viscosity - B. Rapley, O. Campanella, W. Page, I. Beale,
S. Glasgow
NEW ZEALAND ......................................................................................................................................... 196